CAMPAIGN LEFE CHAT HELIOS Orléans

Scientific challenge

The hydroxyl radical (OH) and the peroxyl radicals (HO2 and RO2), commonly called ROx, are important species of atmospheric chemistry. OH reacts with most trace gas in the atmosphere, including Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), whose oxidation leads to the formation of HO2 and RO2 which reform OH in the presence of nitric oxide (NO). This radical cycle controls the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere, and therefore, affects many atmospheric processes such as the radiative balance of the planet, by impacting the lifespan of greenhouse gases (CH4, HCFC …). It influences air quality over a large geographical scale, by modulating the formation of secondary pollutants (ozone, secondary organic aerosol …). Detailed knowledge of the ROx balance of the atmosphere, and more particularly of their production, destruction and conversion mechanisms, represents a fundamental issue in atmospheric physicochemistry.

Intercomparison of PERCA, FAGE and CIMS instruments (Douai Mines, PC2A, LPC2E)

Motivation – The intercomparison of instruments based on fundamentally different techniques is essential to ensure the accuracy of observations. Indeed, different types of instruments will rarely present the same measurement artifacts. If discrepancies are observed between instruments, it is often possible to identify the origin of these differences by comparing their variability with other parameters such as temperature, humidity, and chemical composition of the sampled air.

Objective – The work that will be carried out by all the partners concerns an intercomparison between the PERCA, FAGE (Lille) and SAMU. The main objective of this component is to inform the reliability of the three techniques for radical measurements peroxyl in ambient air.

Methodology – The intercomparison will consist in sampling mixtures of RO2 generated in the atmospheric chamber HELIOS (atmospheric chamber simulation with natural irradiation). This chamber has an infrastructure for easy deployment of instruments dedicated to ROx and is equipped with analyzers to monitor temperature, relative humidity, VOC concentrations, HONO, O3, NOx, and photolysis frequencies photolabie species. Measurements in atmospheric chamber allow the study of simple chemical systems to model and an optimal control of the operating conditions. The experiments in the room will allow to approach the chemical complexity of the atmosphere while controlling the studied system.

 

LEFE Platform Layout

 

To carry out the LEFE measurement campaign, the HELIOS platform has been completely redesigned:
– Addition of two lift tables
– Enhencement of the floor structure
– Modification and addition of sampling line in HELIOS
– Modification of electrical, network and exhaust connections
– Centralization of instrument controls

This slideshow shows some steps of this work

 Platform modification: installation of two lifting tables


 

SAMU installation on lift table

FAGE connection to HELIOS chamber

New FAGE / HELIOS adapter design

Top view of SAMU measuring probe

PERCA installation with CAPS calibration

FAGE, PERCA and SAMU calibrations inside HELIOS

 

The campaign was conducted from October 1 to 19, 2018 with the following schedule

 

Results

Comming soon

The LEFE national and inter-agency program is coordinated and managed by the CNRS-INSU. It is supported by ADEME, CEA, CNES, CNRS (INSU, INC, INP, INSMI), IFREMER, INRIA, IRD, Météo-France, MTES and MERCATOR-Océan.
The LEFE program aims to support research to address the priorities identified in prospective ocean-atmosphere. It also aims to offer scientific activities throughout the year (thematic days, conferences, etc.)